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San Antoniocityseat of Bexar county, south-central TexasU. It is situated at the headwaters of the San Antonio River on the Balcones Escarpment, about 80 miles km southwest of Austin. Area city, square miles 1, square km. Spanish explorers first visited the site, then a camp of the Payaya Indians, in Anthony of Padua. During its early years the settlement suffered from raids by Apache and Comanche tribes. The mission was secularized in and became a military post.
Bywhen it became a county seat of the Republic of Texas, it had been renamed San Antonio. At the time of Mexican independence inSan Antonio was, along with Goliad and Nacogdochesone of three established Spanish communities in Texas. In the summer of that year, Stephen Austin arrived in the city—then seat of the Spanish government in Texas—to follow through on a permit obtained by his father for the admission of U. The presidio ceased to exist with the independence of Texas in April. People of san antonio San Antonio was still the foremost city of Texas, with some 2, inhabitants.
It grew rapidly after independence, led People of san antonio large s of German immigrants. During the last decades of the 19th century, San Antonio, as the starting point for the Chisholm Trailbecame a major cattle centre, where herds were assembled for the overland drives to the railhe in Kansas.
The city quickly became the commercial hub of the Southwest. The arrival of the first railroad in brought migrants from the American South, and Mexican immigrants settled there after the start of the Mexican Revolution in San Antonio was a major military centre during World Wars I and IIa factor that continued to dominate its economy in subsequent decades. It is miles km from the Mexican border at Laredoon one of the most-traveled routes to Mexico. Much of its population about three-fifths is of Hispanic mainly Mexican descent, and many are Spanish-speaking or bilingual.
It preserves much of its historical atmosphere and embraces its cultural diversity. Remains of 18th-century Spanish structures dot the city, contrasting with modern office buildings. Fort Sam Houstoninside the city, is the headquarters of the U. Nearby are three U. Air Force bases: Lackland, Randolph, and Brooks. Lackland, in the southwestern part of the city, is a training base for recruits. Randolph, in People of san antonio suburban area to the northeast, is headquarters of the Air Education and Training Command. Brooks, in the southeastern part of the city, is the site of the School of Aerospace Medicine.
Manufactures include aerospace equipment, textiles, semiconductors, industrial machinery, and shoes; there are also oil refineries. Agricultural production in the area includes cattle, poultry, peanuts groundnutsPeople of san antonio, vegetables, and greenhouse plants; the processing of and research on agricultural products is also important. The city also has an international airport.
San Antonio is the seat of St. A health science centre of the University of Texas is also there. Winding through the downtown area, its landscaped banks are lined with shops and restaurants.
The park, with a total area of about 1. Casa Navarro State Historic Site preserves the home c. The Alamo, the four missions in the national historic park, and the Rancho de las Cabras to the southeast in Floresville also part of the national historic park were collectively deated a UNESCO World Heritage site in San Fernando Cathedral completed is the seat of a Roman Catholic archbishopric.
The city also has dozens of music, dance, and theatre organizations, including a professional symphony. SeaWorld San Antonio includes amusement rides and animal shows as well as marine animal exhibits. The Alamodome is the site of conventions, concerts, and sporting events. The San Antonio Zoowhich includes an aquarium, is a popular attraction.
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View of the San Antonio, Texas, skyline at dusk. Deconstruct the myth shrouding the Battle of the Alamo during the Texas Revolution. An overview of the siege of the Alamo. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content.
Subscribe Now. View of the San Antonio, Texas, skyline. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. About one-third of the population lives in the metropolitan areas of Houston, Dallas, and San Antonioall 3 of which are among the 10 most populous metropolitan areas in the United States. The strategic objective of the stand was to delay Mexican forces and thereby permit military organization of the Texas settlers. As the battle climaxed with a massive attack over the walls, the defenders generally estimated…. The Woolworth in Greensboro was desegregated in July History at your fingertips.
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People Who Are Only Famous in San Antonio